From personnel positioning to mobile phone maps, car navigation, to applications in various fields of economy and society, geographic information has now become a necessity in people’s lives. All regions are vigorously developing the geographic information industry to drive the economy and society into a new stage of digitalization.
The geographic information industry is a new technology service industry developed on the basis of modern surveying and mapping technology, geographic information system, remote sensing, satellite navigation and positioning technology, and closely integrated with information technology, computer technology, communication technology and network technology. It includes professional fields such as surveying and mapping, geographic information system (GIS), satellite positioning, and aerospace remote sensing, as well as new services such as navigation software, Internet maps, and location-based services (LBS) related to public life.
In 1996, my country formally proposed the development of geographic information industry. Over the past 20 years, the geographic information industry has developed rapidly. In recent years, as the country has listed it as a strategic emerging industry and introduced a series of policies to promote its development, the geographic information industry has developed more and more strongly, showing vigorous vitality.
In 2008, the annual output value of my country’s real estate information industry was 60 billion yuan, with about 400,000 employees, more than 10,000 employers, and 8 listed companies. In 2018, the annual output value of the industry reached 595.7 billion yuan, with more than 1.34 million employees and more than 104,000 employers, including more than 30 listed companies and more than 180 companies listed on the New Third Board. At present, 5 companies have applied for the newly established Science and Technology Innovation Board. On July 22, Aerospace Hongtu was officially listed on the Science and Technology Innovation Board. In the past 10 years, the compound growth rate of my country’s real estate industry has reached 25%.
As a basic and strategic information resource, geographic information involves economic construction, social development, national defense construction, ecological governance, etc. At present, the demand for geographic information in various industries is still growing, which means that the geographic information industry will continue to grow and develop , from the aspects of product supply, technical capabilities, business models, etc., to continuously meet the needs from various fields of my country’s economy and society.
At present, my country’s geographic information industry has strong independent innovation ability. In terms of geographic information equipment and equipment, from photoelectric instruments to GNSS equipment, continuous operation of reference station systems, from ocean, land, underground to air, a series of independent equipment has been making breakthroughs, total station, RTK, aerial survey UAV, oblique photography The total number of cameras has exceeded that of imported brands; in terms of GIS software, domestic software has taken the lead in 3D GIS, integration of GIS and mapping, and navigation and location services. With more than half of the market share, SuperMap software topped the list with 31.6%, surpassing foreign brands. In 2018, the total R&D investment of the 36 Dixin listed companies increased by 20.5% compared with 2017; the total R&D investment accounted for 8.7% of the total revenue, which was 2% higher than the overall ratio of the 3088 A-share companies. Among them, NavInfo invested in R&D in 2018 Accounting for more than 50% of revenue, it ranks first in the entire A-share market.
New business formats and new services continue to emerge and show a good growth trend. In 2018, the number of mobile map users in my country reached 720 million, and the penetration rate of car navigation exceeded 50%. Car navigation and mobile phone maps have become indispensable tools for people’s daily travel. In addition, location-based services also support the development of trillion-dollar new economies, such as online car-hailing, food delivery, and e-commerce.
The driving role of space infrastructure construction is obvious. The construction of the basic system of Beidou-3 has been completed, and the contribution rate to the field of satellite navigation and location services in my country has reached 80%. my country has 27 high-resolution satellites, land observation satellites, ocean observation satellites and atmospheric observation satellites in orbit. Among them, the Ministry of Natural Resources has 14. Commercial remote sensing satellites have a strong momentum of development, with more than 30 satellites in orbit, and 0.5-meter high-resolution commercial remote sensing satellites have achieved breakthroughs. The ability to obtain spatial data has been greatly improved.
It is recommended that enterprises seize the major opportunities brought by national strategic needs, seize the strategic opportunities brought by new technologies and new formats such as the Internet, Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, commercial satellites, 5G, etc., adhere to innovation leadership, and strengthen product technology research and development. , actively promote cross-border integration, and go out to explore the international market.
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