It also proposed to provide financial support policies for the construction of charging facilities along the highway, explore the establishment of operational subsidy standards linked to service quality, and strengthen subsidies for demonstration facilities such as high-power charging.
From the perspective of the units that issued the policy, the Ministry of Communications and the Energy Administration, as the competent industry authorities, will coordinate the relevant central and local units to promote the implementation of the Action Plan, while the State Grid and China Southern Power Grid, as the power supply units, will fully guarantee the electricity consumption of charging facilities need.
Specifically, the Action Plan proposes specific work objectives in three phases:
The first stage is to strive to provide basic charging services in expressway service areas in areas other than alpine and high-altitude areas across the country by the end of 2022;
The second stage is that by the end of 2023, qualified ordinary national and provincial trunk highway service areas (stations) can provide basic charging services;
The third stage is that by the end of 2025, the charging infrastructure of expressways and ordinary national and provincial trunk highway service areas (stations) will be further encrypted and optimized, and rural highways will be effectively covered, basically forming “fixed facilities as the main body, mobile facilities as supplements, and important The charging infrastructure network along the highway with full coverage of nodes, good operation and maintenance services, and guaranteed travel for the masses” ensures that the public “can go home, go out of the city, and go to the township”, and travel worry-free.
For expressway service areas, the Action Plan also proposes that, in principle, the charging infrastructure or parking spaces reserved for construction and installation conditions in each service area should not be less than 10% of the parking spaces for small passenger cars.
In order to complete the target tasks on time, the Action Plan mainly involves six tasks:
The first is to use the existing land and parking spaces in the expressway service area to strengthen the construction of charging infrastructure in the expressway service area. During major holidays, service areas with large expected traffic should make emergency plans in advance, and appropriately deploy mobile charging infrastructure to meet the charging demand during peak hours.
The second is to accelerate the construction of eligible national and provincial trunk highway service areas (stations), encourage the construction of parking lots and other places around key tourist attractions, strengthen social services, and guide the construction and configuration of townships along rural highways.
The third is to explore and promote the application of new technologies and new equipment to improve the life cycle benefits of charging facilities. Formulate and implement a phased coverage plan, promote the construction of ultra-fast charging and high-power charging infrastructure in expressway service areas around urban agglomerations, and support electric vehicle production, large-scale transportation and other enterprises to build swap stations.
The fourth is to optimize the layout of charging infrastructure in service areas (stations), standardize the setting of traffic signs, optimize traffic routes, guide vehicles to park in an orderly manner, and maintain a good charging order.
The fifth is to strengthen the collection and release of service information, provide the public with real-time information inquiry services, and actively explore appointment charging services.
Sixth, strengthen the operation and maintenance of charging infrastructure, strengthen daily safety inspection and management, eliminate potential safety hazards in a timely manner, and ensure that equipment technology is intact and safe and available.
The charging infrastructure along the highway will guide social capital to participate in the construction and operation, and fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties to jointly carry out the operation and maintenance of charging infrastructure by adopting modes such as cooperative operation, signing long-term cooperation agreements, and giving operators reasonable income expectations. To maximize complementary advantages and win-win cooperation.
For ordinary national and provincial trunk highways, on the basis of using the stock land resources and parking spaces to build or transform the charging infrastructure, encourage the exploration of construction or reconstruction of parking lots along the ordinary national and provincial trunk highways with large traffic such as around key tourist attractions and other places. Renovate charging infrastructure and strengthen socialized charging services. For rural roads, it will actively guide towns and towns along the route to prioritize transportation hubs, public parking lots and other places to configure public charging infrastructure and strengthen basic charging services along the route.
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