AsiaIndustrial NetNews: “I finally got a few tickets, I thought they were tallrobotThe exhibition turned out to be disappointing. The Robots in the exhibition area have no technical content at all. “A few days ago, at the Robot World Cup China Competition in Rizhao, Shandong, a creative exhibition of some robot products, a parent said to the children around him while watching.
In the creative exhibition area, the reporter heard the staff introduce to the citizens who came to watch that this robot can have simple conversations with people. The robot said, what’s your name? The robot didn’t make any answer, and then the little girl asked, how old are you? The robot still didn’t answer.
The robot did not respond to the little girl’s questioning of the robot. A staff member present said that due to the immature technology, the robot only preset a few languages, and the robot did not answer whatever the other party asked. However, it will imitate people to make some simple actions, such as when we face the robot to make some simple actions, such as turning our heads left and right.
After hearing the introduction from the staff, a little boy ran to the robot and turned his head, and the robot also turned his head. At this time, there was laughter from the crowd…
Qu Daokui, president of SIASUN Robotics, once said in an interview with the media that among the more than 3,000 robot companies in China, only 10% of them are competitive, and the remaining 90% are not like anything, just a concept.
In fact, most people’s impression of robots is still in the discussion that the emergence of robots will lead to human unemployment in recent years. However, whether robots can replace manual labor is not a problem, but a problem that cannot be ignored is that low-end robots are gathering in major production lines in my country.
A few days ago, a report released by the International Data Corporation of the United States showed that China (Mainland) will remain the world’s largest and fastest-growing robotics market, with spending on robotics accounting for more than 30% of global spending. China’s robotics spending is expected to reach $59.4 billion in 2020, more than double the estimated spending of $24.6 billion in 2016.
There is no doubt that from the perspective of market size, my country’s robot sales volume ranks first in the world, and the demand scale is huge. Luo Gaozhan, general manager of Shenzhen Siglo Investment Development Co., Ltd., said in an interview with a reporter from China Sankei Shimbun that from the perspective of national policies, with the transformation of enterprises and the rise in labor costs, the government has issued a series of preferential policies. Guide the development of China’s Robot Industry.
1 2 3 Next > page
According to incomplete statistics, at present, most provinces in the country are developing the robot industry. There are more than 40 robot Industrial parks in the country and more than 500 robot enterprises.
Zeng Haiwei, president of the South China Smart Innovation Research Institute, said in an interview with a reporter from China Sankei Shimbun that in recent years, the concept of robots has become extremely popular, and industry development has also been regarded as the blue ocean of future technological development. Get together with the robot industry.
It is worth mentioning that in order to promote and encourage the healthy development of robots, relevant departments in my country have also formulated many support policies and industrial plans. Not only that, robot development is also one of the ten key areas of “Made in China 2025”.
In addition to national policies, provincial and municipal governments have also included the robotics industry in key projects.For example, “Qingdao National High-tech Zone Robot Industry Development Plan”, “Guangzhou Municipal People’s Government General Office Promotionindustry“Implementation Opinions on the Development of Robotics and Intelligent Equipment Industry”, “On Promoting Robots, Sensors and Intelligent Equipment in Fujian Province”InstrumentationSeveral Opinions on Industrial Development” and other policy measures.
In fact, the relevant policies of the state and the encouragement and support of the local government for the development of the robot industry have promoted the development of robots from being unpopular in the past to now attracting attention from all walks of life, which is inseparable from the vigorous promotion of government departments.
Luo Zhongwei, a researcher at the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with a reporter from “China Sankei Shimbun” that the development of the robot industry also shows the characteristics of rushing up and blindly following the trend from another level.
Luo Zhongwei said frankly, especially private enterprises, because of the lack of a clear development strategy and internal demand, but just follow the policy, there is obvious policy dependence.
“Grassroots” robots occupy half of the industry
In the wave of the fourth industrial revolution dominated by intelligent manufacturing, the development of robots is particularly important. However, the current high-end and low-end robot development has become the real status quo in my country’s robot industry.
Officials including Li Dong, director of the Equipment Industry Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and experts in the industry have also stated that there are more than 800 robot companies of a certain scale in China, but nearly half of them are empty brands without products, and the remaining half are companies. A considerable part of the industry has no technical accumulation, and mainly relies on imported parts for assembly and OEM processing. It is at the bottom of the industrial chain. There are only about 100 companies that can actually produce parts or robot products by themselves.
Statistics from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology show that at the beginning of 2016, there were more than 800 enterprises involved in robot production and integrated application in my country, of which more than 200 were robot body manufacturing enterprises. Low-end robots in three-axis and four-axis.
In fact, the development of the robot industry in my country started relatively late, and the upstream core components of robots are almost all in the hands of foreign companies, while domestic robot companies are mostly concentrated in the middle and lower reaches of the industry.
It is understood that the robot industry chain is divided into three levels: upper, middle and lower. The upstream is the core components, the midstream is the body of the robot, and the downstream is the system integrator, relying on the upstream and midstream core equipment for integrated products.
According to media reports, when you walk into a factory workshop in the Pearl River Delta that has implemented the “machine substitution” plan, you will find that you can carry out intelligentautomationMost of the industrial robots and Robotic hands are Swiss abb, German kuka, and Japanese Yaskawa.motor(Yaskawa) and Fanuc (fanuc) products. According to the Guangdong intelligent robot Research Institute, foreign companies represented by these four companies account for more than 70% of China’s Industrial Robot market.
Shi Jinbo, general manager of Dongguan Songshan Lake International Robot Industry Base, said that at present, there are only a few companies in Dongguan that can develop and produce key components of industrial robots, and most companies rely on imports for 90% of key components and mid-to-high-end CNC systems. For example, a large number of high-performance CNC systems are imported from Germany’s Siemens, Japan’s Fanuc and Mitsubishi, and the low-end products are imported from Taiwan.
Some people in the industry believe that although the mechanism of the robot does not lie in the ontology, but in the application value,mechanicalAutomation lies in application, it is valuable only when it is used, and it is a pile of scrap metal when it is not used. However, ontology is in the hands of foreign-funded enterprises and is ultimately controlled by others.
Zeng Haiwei told reporters that at present, the robot industry has the risk of low-end production of high-end industries and overcapacity of low-end products. Robots do not have their own brands, but are still low-end products.
According to the data, the scale of robot enterprises in my country is generally small, and 90% of the enterprises have an annual output value of less than 100 million yuan. There is also a certain gap between the level of robot products and the advanced level of foreign countries. Among them, industrial robots are relatively backward in terms of speed and accuracy, and service robots are still relatively backward in key technologies such as autonomous decision-making and intelligent perception.
Luo Zhongwei believes that the current development direction of robots is in line with the current development situation, but there are also problems of extensive development, such as waste of resources and low return on investment.
It is better to “grab the wind” than to attack the “pass”
According to a third-party research report, some countries in the EU are currently planning management standards for robots and artificial intelligence. The international competition in the field of robotics is becoming increasingly fierce, 5% of the companies have a strong willingness to “substitute machines”, and 14.5% of the companies are preparing for “substitution of machines”.
It is reported that some countries in the European Union are currently planning management standards for robots and artificial intelligence. Various signs show that the development of “machine substitution” seems to be a trend in both the international market and the domestic market.
In response to the huge problem of low-end robots, Li Dong, director of the Equipment Industry Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, once said that the development of the robot industry is not about chasing “windows”, but to attack “passes” and select the bottleneck of the industry to make breakthroughs. While the robotics industry is hot, the place must keep a cool head as it develops.
Luo Zhongwei told reporters that the weak R&D and manufacturing capability of the core components of robots is the biggest obstacle restricting the development of robots in my country. It is necessary to strengthen technological innovation, enhance the innovation and competitiveness of the robot industry, and meet the growing market demand.
In fact, to get rid of the problem of low-end hovering in the robot industry, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has also stated that it is necessary to promote the large-scale and intensive development of the robot industry, cultivate leading enterprises with international competitiveness, and drive small and medium-sized enterprises to develop in a specialized, refined and new direction. Form a cluster effect and enhance the synergy of industrial competitiveness.
Zeng Haiwei said that on the one hand, the government needs to introduce a series of policies such as industry development standards and raising the entry threshold to implement and promote scientific and rational development in various places; on the other hand, after the barbaric development, the market will adjust itself, and some lack independent brands. And robot companies without core technology will be eliminated.
“After 5 years, it will be good for one-fifth of the domestic robot companies to remain, especially those manufacturers without core technology and core components will basically have no living space.” Recently, the person in charge of a domestic robot production company think.
The Links: 3HEA506260-001 6AV2144-8JC10-0AA0 ELECTRONIC